Backyard Composting

Turn Food Waste into Gardener's Gold!

Backyard Composting Types of Composting

Nearly half of the trash discarded by Americans every year is made up of organic materials that could be composted. In Guilford County, more than 34,000 tons of food waste is thrown in the trash. Instead of tossing out organic materials like fruit and vegetable scraps, consider composting them along with yard debris such as leaves and grass clippings.

What is Compost?

Compost is decomposed organic matter. Common composting materials consist of food scraps, shredded twigs, leaves and straw, and manure from animals who eat only plants.* The compost process requires four main components: organic matter, microbes, oxygen, and time. The final product consists of a dark, stable material that improves soil quality.

Why Compost? 

Compost can increase crop yields, improve soil structure, and attract beneficial organisms that suppress plant diseases. Adding compost to soil also helps prevent erosion and stormwater runoff, reduces the need for fertilizers and pesticides, and can help remove contamination from soil.

By composting organic waste, we can extend the life of our landfills and reduce the amount of methane produced. Methane, a harmful greenhouse gas, is released into the atmosphere when food is broken down without the presence of oxygen.

Learn More

Learn more about composting from the NC Cooperative Extension.
Get compost and mulch at the White Street Landfill.

* Please note, these items cannot be placed in your curbside yard waste collection. The City of Greensboro does not offer curbside compost collection at this time and this page is meant to be a resource to anyone who may be interested in backyard composting. Questions? Contact us.

4 types of composting
4 types of composting